The Different Types Of Carpet & Best Cleaning Methods

Carpet Cleaning – Know Your Carpet Fibre.

sissal carpet


While most homeowners will not enter a carpet store looking for a particular type of carpet fibre, or think that this may have an impact in regards to carpet cleaning but it’s always a good thing to know what makes up your carpet in order to make the best informed choice for your needs.
Other considerations like color, size, cost and design will come into play, but you should also look into what type of fibre your carpet is made from so you will come home with a purchase that is worth your money.

The textiles that make up a carpet have a direct effect on how easy your carpet is to clean and maintain in the future, how resistant the carpet is to staining and how the pile will cope with repeated use.

Different carpets, different fibres.

We know that carpets can offer us different advantages: woolly warmth, long-lasting color, flame-resistance, ability to withstand frequent foot traffic or just affordable quality. Knowing the types of fibres used in carpet manufacture will help you decide which carpet is best for your needs.
Carpets are evolving to suit the needs of homeowners, and carpet manufacturers are also coming up with different innovations to ensure that their product stays at the top of the line. However, to simplify things, there are two basic kinds of fibres from which carpets are made: natural and man-made.


There are a variety of natural fibres to choose from when looking for a new carpet to buy. Some fibres are hard to dye so don’t expect too much in the color department others dye easily which will put the carpet at risk of staining should you spill anything on it. On the whole natural fibres are hard wearing.

wool carpet


1. Wool: the most popular carpet fibre, wool is best known for its ability to hold its own against foot traffic and its ability to stay soft and beautiful for a long time. Wool carpets are a good choice if you’re looking for an anti-static floor cover or a carpet that can resist combustion. Wool is easily dyed, and this can be a double edged sword, great for colour choice but you need to take care as any spills onto the carpet can actually dye the fibres which will make the stain permanent. Wet or dry carpet cleaning methods are suitable and effective for wool and wool blended carpets.

2. Silk: known for its distinct texture, silk is not just for fine gowns and beautiful draperies. It can also be used as a carpet fibre, although this is rather rare and can be found mostly in the delicate handmade rugs from India and the Middle East. Wet cleaning methods (such as the hot water extraction method) are not suitable for silk rugs, as the process would be to vigourous for the delicate material. These should be dry chemical cleaned, always by a professional.

3. Sisal: one of the toughest fibres yet, sisal is a natural fibre that is not hard to dye. Combining it with wool gives it a soft, plush feel that’s perfect for natural floors. Again, wet or dry carpet cleaning methods are suitable

4. Jute: this fiber has been traditionally used as carpet backing, but it is now quickly becoming popular as a natural carpet fiber, giving floors a laidback country look.

5.Seagrass: this fibre from the fields of China can give you a carpet that’s easy to maintain and virtually impermeable to liquids therefore a wet carpet cleaning method is not suitable for this material.

6. Coir: derived from coconut husks, coir is a tough and resistant fibre usually found as a cut pile doormat to remove dirt and moisture from the soles of your shoes.


nylon carpet


Man-made fibres used to be inferior option when it comes to carpet-making, an may still have tacky conotations for some people but modern fibre production technology has already evolved to a state when man-made and natural fibers both have excellent performance and generally a man-made carpet out performs natural fibres for stain resistence and easy carpet cleaning.

All carpets of man-made fibre construction and most man-made/natural fibre combinations are suitable for wet or dry carpet cleaning.

1. Nylon: polyamide or nylon fibres come in two different types that have the very technical names: Nylon 6 and Nylon 6.6. Type 6 fibers are usually woven together with wool to create fluffy yet wear-resistant carpets, On the other hand, type 6.6 boasts of some extra properties that make it more long-lasting and better at resisting wear and tear.

2. Acrylic: a little less hard-wearing and fire resistant, acrylic can still be a good bet for incorporating pile resilience and bulk to a carpet.

3. Polypropylene: if you have a limited budget, a polypropylene carpet will fit the bill nicely. It is not as tough as the other types of fibre but it is easy to care for.

4. Polyester: this type of carpet fibre gives you thick and plush floor covering with a dash of color. It may flatten over time but it resists wear and water-soluble stains nicely.

Buying a carpet is not something that you should take lightly. It is an investment not just because it is a pretty decorative item, but also for providing a functional accessory that will serve you for many years. With the variety of choices in the market today, you will be hard-pressed to choose the right carpet if you don’t know its specific properties, right down to the very last fibre.

A good professional carpet cleaning service will know the correct techniques, applications and products to use. So if in doubt as to the suitability of your carpet for a certain cleaning method then ask a trusted professional in your area.

For profesional Carpet Cleaning In Essex or Suffolk call us or Email for no obligation, free quotes and advice.

Zippy Carpet Cleaning 01376 573203