The Ins & Outs Of Carpet Making.
Carpets and rugs have been inside every type of dwelling place for thousands of years now. Apart from being a beautiful and comfortable accessory in the home, a carpet can also provide other benefits such as traction, moisture and dirt guard, echo reduction and resistance against static electricity. Inside other structures: office buildings, hotels, leisure resorts and schools, the carpets each serve very different purposes.
Choosing a carpet can mean making significant decisions about style, colour, quality, price and convenience. However, we must also consider the long-term maintenance and upkeep of the carpets we buy. After all, the very best quality carpets are meant to stay with us for years and years without fraying or fading. The ease of cleaning your carpet should also be valuable consideration for any homeowner who wants to have a hassle-free, functional and long-lasting carpet.
A Short History Of Carpet Making
Carpets have evolved over the years to suit the needs and tastes of homeowners around the world. The first forerunners of carpets appeared thousands of years ago in the cave dwellings of our ancestors. The cave floors were covered with animal skin, dried grass and woven reed mats to provide cushioning and warmth to the dwellers.
It is said that the Egyptians were the first to weave brightly-colored strips of woollen cloth and make carpets as we know them today. Nomadic peoples were also noted for the thick and luxurious carpets that they made, which were unrolled over the sand floors of their tent homes.
Importation of carpets boomed into a profitable industry in the Middle Ages, but it was not until some enterprising French merchants brought Moorish weavers into Europe that carpet making started on its way as a worldwide industry.
Carpet weaving became true art in China, India, Iran and Turkey, where the most delicate and most beautiful carpets and rugs are still being made by hand today. However, there are also well-established carpet manufacturers that mass produce fine quality carpets in many parts of the world.
How Carpets Are Made
Elsewhere in this site we have discussed the fibre structure from which carpets are made of. These man-made or natural fibers are then spun into yarn and then woven or tufted into the end product.
Spinning the yarn is in itself a long and difficult process. Unlike the simple weft-over-warp pattern of primitive carpets, mass-produced carpets today undergo a far more complex procedure. First of all, the raw fibres are combined to come up with the specific character and handle of the desired carpet. The blend is then scoured, pulled and teased until all foreign bodies and natural burs are removed.
The fibres are opened up, layered and cross layered before being split into slubbings that are pulled and twisted into a spinning frame, making every strand of yarn even stronger. Twisting two or more strands increases the tensile strength of each yarn even further, making it ready for high-speed weaving performed by machines. The fibers can be dyed either before they are combined or after the desired length and thickness of the yarn is already achieved.
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